A Viking clan, led by Estrid, is setting sail from Scandinavia. They are travelling across the North Sea to England. Pupils will help Estrid calculate how many Vikings can fit on each longship and how many pieces of equipment can be taken on the journey. Children will also assist two other Vikings who are playing a mystery number game to pass the time on the longship.
More resources for Spring Block Block 1 Step 1.
Discussion points for teachers
1. There are eleven benches on each longship and eleven Vikings can sit on each bench. How many Vikings can fit on each ship?
Discuss strategies for calculating the answer- this could include using a known times table or partitioning the multiplication.
121 Vikings can travel on each ship (11 x 11).
2. If there are between 22 and 44 children on each ship, how many children could there be on each bench?
Discuss the inverse of multiplication and draw links between multiplication and division. This questions is open-ended for children to explore.
Various answers, for example: 3 children on each row (3 x 11).
3. If there are twelve sacks, how many pieces of equipment would there be altogether?
Discuss equal groups and strategies for calculating the answer.
There would be 144 pieces of equipment (12 x 12)
4. If Estrid decided not to pack the axes, how many pieces of equipment would there be in total?
Discuss strategies involved in a multi-step problem.
There would be 120 pieces of equipment left without the axes.
5. Help the Vikings figure out the value of the runes.
Discuss strategies for calculating the answer- this could include using a known times table or writing out the times tables to find the answers.
12 x 5 + 6 x 11 = 126
National Curriculum Objectives
Mathematics Year 4: (4C6a) Recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
Mathematics Year 4: (4C7) Multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout
Mathematics Year 4: (4C8) Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects
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